December 29, 2003

Stone Immigrants to North America

This list shows the known "Immigrant grandparents" of Elizabeth Louise STONE Howell who came to North America.

Clicking the name displays a tree showing the descendancy from the immigrant to Elizabeth Louise STONE Howell and her siblings. (this can be a large tree, so scroll your browser horizontally to center it, and vertically to see it) Clicking on a name in the tree displays details for the individual.

(by country of birth, then by generation (e.g.: 9ggf = 9th great grandfather), then by last name at birth)

ENGLAND

9x great grandparents

Christian COFFIN b. 1607 Marlborough, Wiltshire, England d. Haverhill, MA (9ggf)
Thomas CORLISS b 1603 Devonshire, England d. Newbury, MA (9ggf)
Thomas DAVIS b. 1603 Marlborough, Wiltshire, England on the "James" in 1635 d. Haverhill, MA (9ggf)
John EMERY b. 1598, Romsey, Hampshire, England d. 1683 Newbury, MA (9ggf)
Richard GARMENT Somersetshire, England (9ggf)
Alice GRANTHAM Emery b. 1599 Romsey, Hampshire, England d. 1649 Newbury, MA (9ggm)
Elizabeth WALKER Warren b. 1583 Kent, England to Plymouth MA on the "Anne" in 1623 (9ggf)
Richard WARREN b. 1579 London, England to Plymouth MA on the "Mayfower" d. 1628 Plymouth, MA (9ggf)
John WEBSTER b. 1605 Ipswich, Suffolk, England d. 1646 Ipswich, MA (9ggf)

8x great grandparents

Ann AMES Ford London, England - Plymouth, MA on the "Fortune"(8ggm)
Mary BETTS Boreman b. 1623 England d. prob CT (8ggm)
Samuel BOREMAN b. 1615 Banbury, England d. 1673 Hartford, CT (8ggf)
Robert CARVER b. 1594 - England (8ggf)
George CORLISS b. abt. 1617 Exeter, Devon, England d. Haverhill, MA (8ggf)
Joanna DAVIS Corliss b. cir 1624 Mralborough, Wiltshire, England d. Haverhill, MA (8ggm)
John EMERY b. 1628, Romsey, Hampshire, England d. 1693 Newbury, MA (8ggf)
Deacon William FORD b. 1604 England - to Plymouth, MA on the "Fortune" in 1621 (8ggf)
Alice GARMENT Whitmarsh b.1600 England (8ggm)
Daniel LADD b. 1613 Deal, Kent Co.,England d. Haverhill, MA (8ggf)
Sarah WALKER Warren b. bef. 1622, St. Olave, Southwark, London, England d. 1700 Plymouth, MA (8ggm)
John WHITMARSH - b. 1596 Somerset, England - d. 1644 Norfolk, MA (8ggf)

great grandparents

William SPENCER b. 1805 Matlock, Darbyshire, England d. 1837 Chatham, Ontario, Canada (1ggf)

IRELAND

3x great grandparents

Captain Samuel CHERRY b. 1756 Ireland d. New Haven, Oswego Co., NY (3ggf)
Ann WALLACE Cherry b cir 1754-57 Coleraine, Londonderry, Ireland d. 1812 prob. NY (3ggm)

great grandparents

Mary BURNS Stone b. 1806 nr. Ferns (Dublin), Ireland d. 1899 Ontario, Canada (1ggm)
John STONE, b. 1760 Carlow, Ireland - d. Kent Co., Ontario, Canada (1ggf)

SCOTLAND

2x great grandparents

Malcolm CAMPBELL b. 1787 Auchindrain, Arglleshire, Scotland d. 1862 Kent County, Ontario, Canada (2ggf)
Isabel SMITH Campbell b. 1784 Auchindrain, Arglleshire, Scotland d. Kent County, Ontario, Canada 1841 (2ggm)

great grandparents

Neil CAMPBELL b. 1808 South Knapdale, Arglleshire, Scotland d. 1880 Kent County, Ontario, Canada 1841 (1ggf)

NETHERLANDS (HOLLAND)

8x great grandparents

Philippe DELANO (de Lannoy) b. 1602, Leiden, Holland to Plymouth MA on the "Fortune" in 1621. d. 1681 Bridgewater, Plymouth, MA (8ggf)

WALES

7x great grandparents

Henry BODWELL b. 1651, Bodfel, Caernarvon, Wales d. Methuen, MA (7ggf)

Posted by jhowell at 4:07 PM

The Order of the Golden Fleece

Ancestors of Philippe de Lannoy (Delano) take us back into the history of the Low Countries - a region which today very roughly encompasses The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg - and into an era where the "noblesse" sought to distingush themselves from the "bourgeois" through abstaining in trade, money lending and manual labor.

The article below, prepared by the Art History Department of the University of New York, provides a glimpse into the Low Countries region in the 1400's, at a time (1384-1477) when it was ruled by the dukes of Burgundy and is called 'Valois Burgundy' or the 'Burgundian Netherlands.'

"...Within two generations, extending from Philip the Good's grandfather, Philip the Bold, Valois Burgundy had become a power rivalling the kingdoms of England and France. This "state" was formed through astute marriage alliances, the fortunes of inheritance, purchases, and conquest."

There is a reference to a figure in a painting thought to be "Baudouin de Lannoy, lord of Molembais (c. 1388-1474), as well as mention to many of the place names found in our genealogy. No genealogical link to this "Baudouin" is known. Similar: Beaudoin de Lannoy b. 1438, Beaudoin "Le Begue" de Lannoy

*** UPDATE ***

24 Feb 2006 - George English writes to say that he believes the painting is indeed of Baudouin 'le Begue' de Lannoy )

******

Introduction to Valois Burgundy (click to see the entire article, maps and paintings)

The Order of the Toison d'Or and the Chivalric Revival:

A major cause of the rivalry between the de Croy and Rolin families was the class division between the hereditary nobility and the newly ennobled families who had bourgeois backgrounds but received their titles as rewards for their services as ducal officers and financiers. As a reaction to the economic and social changes that were transforming Europe with the rise of a wealthy merchant class, there was a resurgence of interest in codes of chivalry and solidarity among the nobility. Ancient noble families were feeling threatened by the newly ennobled families like the Rolin. The ancient families emphasized those qualities that set them apart. Traditional feudal values such as service, fidelity, and obedience were asserted. Likewise there was emphasis on the military culture of the knight with its emphasis on honor and valor. "To live nobly" meant a life dedicated to the profession of arms. The de Croy family took great pride in the fact that Jehan de Croy, the father of Antoine, was killed in battle on the fields of Agincourt. There was great class resentment for those who had apparently bought their titles from the profits of their legal or financial careers.

Noble birth, virtue and honor, and not financial prosperity, were the primary attributes of the true noblesse. An abstention from trade, money-lending, and manual labor marks off the true noble from his bourgeois contemporaries. For a member of the nobility to be offered money for their services could be understood as an insult. Georges Chastellain, the chronicler of the Burgundian court, could proudly state, "you have shamed me by sending me money, which I am not accustomed to taking or receiving, because I do not wish to sell my service to good men for a price." Thus this period from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries which was marked by profound and rapid social, political, and economic changes also witnessed chivalry in many respects at its height with the hardening of class barriers and the assertion of the traditional chivalric values.

This trend was manifested in the creation or revival of orders of knighthood at the principal European courts during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The Order of the Garter was founded by Edward III of England in 1348. In 1430, Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, on the occasion of his marriage to the Infanta Isabella of Portugal , established the Order of the Toison d'or, or the Golden Fleece. The Order of St. Michael was founded by Louis XI of France in 1469. The ideals of these orders are effectively summarized in the following excerpt from prologue of the statutes of the Toison d'or:

We Philippe, by the grace of God Duke of Burgundy...make known to all present and to come, that for the very great and perfect love that we have for the noble estate and order of knighthood, of which from very ardent and singular affection, we desire the honor and increase, by which the true Catholic Faith, the faith of our mother, the Holy Church, and the tranquility and prosperity of the public may be, as far as possible, defended, guarded, and maintained; we, to the glory and praise of the Almighty, our Creator and Redeemer, in reverence of his glorious mother the Virgin Mary, and to the honor of my lord Saint Andrew, Apostle and Martyr; to the exaltation of virtues and good habit; on the tenth day of January in the year of Our Lord 1429 [O.S.], which was the day of the solemnization of the marriage between us and our most dear and beloved companion, Elizabeth, in our city of Bruges, we did undertake, create, and ordain, and by these presents do undertake, create, and ordain an order and fraternity of knighthood, or amiable company of a certain number of knights, which we wish to be called the Order of the Golden Fleece, under the form, condition, statutes, manner, and articles which follow [D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre Boulton, The Knights of the Crown, p. 365].

Membership was open to only nobles of ancient family. The statutes of the order of the Toison d'or specify that those selected for membership should be distinguished "for [their] sense, prowess, virtues, and good customs... and the confidence [the Duke] had in their loyalty and perserverance in good deeds and honorable works." Members of the order were thus expected to be the models of knightly virtue. The number of members was carefully controlled. Only twenty-five knights along with the king were granted membership to the Order of the Garter at its foundation, while the Order of the Fleece at its foundation allowed for twenty-four members along with the Duke of Burgundy. This number was later increased to thirty-one. As observed by Olivier de La Marche, it was feared that a larger membership would more likely lead to internal dissensions within the order: "if there should be more knights, more contentious matters could arise between those knights that do not make for their unity nor for the furtherance of the intentions of the [order's] head."

Uniting the upper nobility under the authority of the prince was one of the major purposes of these orders. As noted above, the territories falling under the control of the Dukes of Burgundy were marked by major differences in geography, language, law, and customs. The Flemish nobility tended to live in cities while the nobility of Burgundy were based in their rural estates. The diversity of these domains made centralisation difficult. The Toison d'or's emphasis on the allegiance and dependence upon the person of the Duke was invaluable for the Dukes of Burgundy in uniting the nobility of these disparate provinces. In a period when loyalty was becoming increasingly tied to monetary arrangements in the form of pensions and annuities, these orders were a throwback to the system of vassalage traced back to feudal society of the earlier Middle Ages. The oaths of loyalty bound members of the orders together under the authority of the prince. The statutes of the order of the Toison d'or are explicit about the exclusive loyalty of the members to the duke alone. Members were forbidden to belong to any other chivalric associations. The only exception to this rule was the provision that "emperors, kings, and dukes" could belong to their own orders as well as the Toison d'or.

Posted by jhowell at 11:44 AM

December 27, 2003

Five Kernels of Corn

A nice tradition for our Stone descendants....

Five Kernels of Corn

The tradition of placing five kernels of corn at each plate first started at Plymouth on Forefather's Day, 22nd Dec. 1820 on the occasion of the Bi-Centennial of the Landing of the Pilgrims. Hosting the occasion was the newly founded Pilgrim Society with guest speaker, Daniel Webster.

These tokens symbolize the period in 1623 known as the "starving time", but I would like to go back a little to show you that this starving time was by no means an isolated occurrence.

The first Thanksgiving in the fall of 1621 was a bountiful feast, but an inventory taken afterwards in preparation for winter proved that the Pilgrims had grossly overestimated their harvest. The only way they could possibly get through the winter was to cut in half the already meager weekly rations. To make matters worse, soon after in November, arrived the ship Fortune with 35 new settlers and absolutely no provisions, no food, bedding, cookware or warm clothing.

They struggled through the winter, but in May 1622, their food supply was completely gone and the harvest was four months away. You may wonder why they did not hunt and fish for food; according to Edward Winslow, the number of fowl decreased during the warm months and the proper equipment and netting prohibited them from taking advantage of the abundance of cod in the area.

"And indeed," said Winslow, "had we not been in a place where divers sorts of shell fish may be taken with the hand, we must have perished."

In desperation, Winslow was sent 150 miles up the Maine coast to buy, beg or borrow whatever provisions the English ships there could spare. Hearing the plight of this courageous little group, the captains were extremely generous; all who were asked gave what they could and not one would accept payment of any kind. By the time Winslow returned, the settlers were literally starving. The provisions were a godsend, but there were many mouths to feed and when rationed out, each person received only one quarter pound of bread a day.

The long awaited harvest of 1622 was a dismal failure. The Pilgrims had not yet perfected the art of growing corn; they had been busy building the fort and their lack of food that summer left them too weak and weary to tend the fields properly. It seemed that they now faced the prospect of another year with little food.

"Behold now, another providence of God: a ship comes into the harbour

Posted by jhowell at 12:09 AM

December 26, 2003

Jaques Mahieu - Leiden Holland

Mahieu-> Delano-> Cherry-> Spencer-> Stone

Another Mayflower & Delano connection is found in Jaques Mahieu. He is the 12th Great Grandfather of many Howell 's via the Stone line.

"He came from Lille, now in the northern part of France. Formerly it was of Walloon Flanders. Heavily protestant, the area was captured by Catholic armies under Parma in 1578, and many Walloon Calvinists fled to England directly, while others fled north towards teh Protestant cities of Bruges and Antwerp. When those cities fell in 1585, refugees went across to England or north to Zeeland and Holland. Apparently the Jacques Mahieu was among these refugees, taking with them their young daughters Mary and Franciose.

Jaques was the father of Marie Mahieu, who we already know to be the mother of Philippe de Lannoy (Delano), our original immgrant to America, arriving on the ship "Fortune" in 1621.

As it turns out, Marie had a sister named Hester. And Hester Mahieu married Francis Cooke, one of the passengers on the "Mayflower" and a signer of the Mayflower Compact.

Posted by jhowell at 10:01 PM

December 22, 2003

Unconnected GA Howell's

I've found no connection with the Howell's at the link below, but have written to Nancy Gilstrap Mann, the sites author, to point out that there are similarities between these Howell's and ours. Both lines are in the Greene Co. vicinity of GA at the same time, and then they subsequently migrate to southwest side of GA to Randolph and Stewart Counties.

HOWELL Family Genealogy

The Howell family is thought to have originated in Wales. There are a vast number of Howell families along the Atlantic seaboard dating from the 1600s. They chose many similar first names: John, Joseph, William. Researching this line has proved difficult as it is hard to know you have the right man. The following is my Howell family research as it stands today:

** Update ** Heard back from Nancy Gilstrap Mann, and she doesn't know of a connection.

Posted by jhowell at 10:23 PM

December 9, 2003

Shores Webster updates

Shores ->Webster -> Freeney

An email contact from Vanessa Long informs us that there is a Webster family reunion every year in MD, and that quit a few members of the Webster line and Shores line attend. She is from Princess Anne, MD.

She also provided details on the descendants of John K. Shores b. 1819 who married Charlotte Webster which are now added to the database.

John K. Shores by the way, is the brother of Lambert Hyland Shores. Lambert is the 2x great grandfather of Sara Marguerite Freeney, while Charlotte Webster is the sister of Samuel S. Webster. Samuel is a 1x Great Grandfather of Sarah Marquerite Freeney.

Posted by jhowell at 2:53 PM